Minnesota Student Parent Support Initiative

Hormonal Methods

The information on this page and in these links is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgement of your health care professional. Consult with your health care professional about what is best for you.

Birth Control Pills

  • The form of birth control will require you to remember to take a pill every day at the same time in order for its effectiveness to reach 99.9%.
  • Remember to use another form of birth control during the first month taking the pill or if you forget to take a pill.
  • "The Pill" is not a universal one type of pill. Read about the different kinds of birth control pills and how to choose the right type for you: Choosing a Birth Control Pill

The Ortho Evra Birth Control Patch

  • The patch works much like the pill in releasing hormones to prevent pregnancy.
  • It is applied once a week and worn throughout the week. It is not worn for one week in the month in order to allow your body to menstruate.
  • Your doctor may recommend choosing something else because of the uncertainty of the negative symptoms the patch can have.

The NuvaRing

  • The NuvaRing uses hormones like birth control pills and the patch. You insert a small ring into your vagina and leave it there for three weeks. On the fourth week, you take it out and allow your body to menstruate.
  • NuvaRing FAQ; how it works, how to use it, safety considerations, how to store, etc.

Depo-Provera Birth Control Shot

  • An injection is given to you by a physician every 12 weeks.
  • This is a great option if you don't want to remember to take a pill every day or replace the patch or ring every week.
  • You can get pregnant three to four months after discontinuing the shots. However, it can take a year or two for some women to get pregnant after.
  • Mayo Clinic information.

Implanon Birth Control Implant

  • This is a small, matchstick size, rod that is placed by a physician under the skin of your forearm.
  • The hormones released can prevent pregnancy for up to 3 years.
  • A physician also needs to remove it.
  • See the quickness and ease of this procedure.

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

  • This is a great option if you are looking for more long term birth control. Hormonal IUD is effective for 5 years and the Copper IUD is effective for 10 years.
  • The IUD is inserted to your uterus by your doctor and can be taken out at any time if you decided you want to try to get pregnant.