III. Facilities Plan Process
|ASF or NASF/FTE||61-275+||132||96||1,6|
|NASF/WKLY CONT HR||3.6-6.0||5.4||6|
|STAION OCCUP %-CR||45-79||55-110||59%||1,4,6|
|STATION OCCUP%- LABORATORY||16-100
60 Upper Division
It can be concluded that St. Cloud State lies at the low end of a very broad range of typical total square feet of space per FTE student; below the only recommended total NASF by 36 ASF. (This would equal about 500,000 ASF additional to meet this recommendation at SCSU.) This range and recommendation is influenced dramatically by athletic facilities. At the low end of the spectrum are institutions with no athletic, recreation or residence hall facilities. At the high end are universities large enclosed athletic facilities such as soccer and football playing or practice fields.
The key is that in spite of the National Hockey Center which is a remarkable facility for a University and even adding the new library of about 160,000 NASF SCSU would still not be exceptional or distinguished in its total space available for its academic mission.
The Net/Gross or building efficiency ratio and the assignable academic square footage per student contact hour for the University are typical and unremarkable. This is when compared to Universities similar to SCSU in the North Carolina System.
Classroom station size is in the middle of reported and recommended ranges.
The classroom utilization figures indicate that SCSU, when compared to various standards is at the low end in terms of hours used per week. The seat occupancy rates are in the middle of reported station occupancy rates and within the recommended range.
The classroom indicators are consistent with a study of classroom use completed for the Fall term of 1994 at SCSU. At that time enrollment was 14,673. Our available classrooms at this enrollment were under utilized about 20% of the hours and there was an excess seat vacancy rate of about 20% indicating a reserve capacity of classrooms of about 40%. (This would support the conclusion that we will have an adequate quantity of classrooms available at projected enrollments.)
It overlooks several factors that influence classroom utilization. Location-classrooms in Halenbeck were significantly underutilized because of the nature of programs in the buildings and the distance from other academic buildings. Conflicts in use-Eastman Hall classroom use extremely limits the use of the recreational and exercise areas of the building because of noise. Room capacity-an analysis of the data revealed there was a mismatch between average class size and average classroom capacity. Average class size at the time was 30 while the average size was 51 seats. Configuration and equipment- Classrooms have various compliments of instructional equipment and access to communication and electronics. All these characteristics influence the usefulness and desirability of the various rooms.
Since that time a shortage of student computer labs was recognized. Approaching the correct level for labs has been achieved to a certain extent at the expense of classroom space. This has decreased classroom capacity by about 6%.
MnSCU is currently working with a consultant to verify the space inventory at all the institutions and analyze utilization. They also are developing standards for inventory and utilization. It is likely that these will be similar to those shown above that have already been identified. They are likely to be published in the spring of 1999.
While the aggregate information on enrollment projections for campus indicates increased demand for space in total the specifics can only be identified in a department by department analysis. More telling of space needs based on the development of "Academic Distinction" is likely to be found in analysis of the expressed needs of each department.
In the spring of 1998 each academic department and administrative unit of the University was asked to identify initiatives or needs that in the next five years would manifest themselves in facilities issues. The results confirmed not only the need for facilities in response to enrollment increases but also other issues that need to be addressed in order to have adequate facilities to allow program improvements. Many of these requests correlate directly with the strategic themes.
The following is a result of a critical analysis of the salient needs in Net Available Square Footage (NASF) based on the information provided by the various Departments.
Requests for faculty offices, additional classroom space based on added faculty or programs and space for new program initiatives were represented by a collective need listed in "Academic Affairs."
There were also several requests for "Resource Rooms" within individual departments. The frequency and character of these requests apparently represented a shift from the long-standing practice of having resources easily available with use and lending managed in a Learning Resources Center. Such a change may be inconsistent with the planned construction and operation of the new Library. This would be a fundamental change to be considered beyond the context of space need analysis so these space requests are not included.
|1,000||Advis Cent||Permanent location for Advising Center|
|500||Cult Cent||Gallery, Resource Room, Offices|
|1,000||Honors||Student common area, Offices|
|Various|| Offices-increased instructional positions 30-50
Increased instructional space/programs
Short term Faculty Residence
|Per Policy||TA and Adjunct Offices|
|Schedule||Use of 80-100 seat classrooms|
|Undet.||CFS||Additional classroom space|
|3,000||Traff Saf Cent||Additional instructional and office space|
|In Process||Art||Individual Graphic Design Studios|
|CDIS|| Congregate Graduate Study Area
Clinical preparation room
Waiting/reception area for clients
|1,200||English||Move TA's out of Shoemaker|
|Inten Eng|| Four Classrooms
|Mass Comm|| Department Meeting Room
Access to 100+ seat Classroom
|Philosophy|| Consolidate faculty in 1 location
BH 101 is too small
|Spch Com|| Replace/consolidate Whitney faculty offices
Student organizations room
One Classroom "back"- PA271
Adequate dance studio access
|Scedule||Elec Eng||Use of classroom|
|0||E & TS||Adaptive use of Headley|
|600||Closed computer lab|
|1,200||Expand Math Skills Center|
|Undet.||Bio/E Sci||Storage for 5-7 boats|
|1,200||Dean's Off||Relocate nearer faculty|
|0||College||Consolidate in single building|
|500||Criminal Just.||Adjunctfaculty work space|
|120||Economics|| GA office-as available
|240||Geography||Rearrangement in Stewart Hall|
|120||MINS/WS|| Office for GA and WS
Consolidated offices w/ College
|0||Poli Sci||Consolidate offices|
|0||Psychology|| Adequate quality space needed including
keeping lab current
|Undet.||Soc & Anth||Applied research center 1|
|Survey Cent|| Equipment room
Adjacent faculty offices
3 survey director work areas
|Undet.||Administrative and Instructional Center|
|Needs will be met in the new James W. Miller Learning Resources Center|
|Bookstore|| Expansion of space
Vacate temporary structure
|Fac Mang|| Consolidation-vacate NOC
Replace motor pool garage
|0||Unit Wide||Area for student centered services; loans, collections, records, etc.|
|Undet.||Print Serv||Accessible copy and printing Center|
|480||Counseling||ALC classroom expansion|
|Undet||Health Ser||Improve/move from present facility|
|Undet||Min Prog||Consolidate Programs|
|13,000-16,000||Res Life||80-100 beds to accommodate enrollment|
|0||Rec Sports|| Meet exist. demand for rec. use of Eastman Hall
Additional field space required
|Undet||Stu Dis Serv||Additional space in AMC|
|0||Wom Cen||Move from present facility|
|16,000||Child Care||New Facility 130 child capacity|
|600||GLBT Serv||Office and meeting space|
|0||Entire Unit||Consolidate at a single location|
|Undet.||Adequate venue for Soccer and Football|
|99,955-114,355||Total Net Available Square Footage Requested|
The changes in use and vacation of unsuitable or temporary space suggested in the various facilities requests are reflected in the following figures:
|6,000||Vacate and Demolish Colbert Houses-women's Center and Offices|
|3,000||Vacate and Demolish Center for Continuing Studies|
|5,300||Vacate Shoemaker basement-English Offices|
|1,800||Move Student Disability Services out of Atwood Center|
|1,000||Move Minority Student Programs out of Atwood Center|
|2,000||Vacate and Demolish North Office Center|
|18,800||Total area to be vacated|
|TOTAL EXPRESSED NEED IN NASF|
(Consistent with the analysis of classroom utilization, indicating limited needs, 2-8% of the requested space is additional classrooms.)
The resources available in the near future to meet this expressed need include the conversion of Centennial Hall, 113,000-120,000 NASF, the renovation of Lawrence Hall, 30,000 NASF and 18,000 added NASF in the Miller LRC for a total of 161,000-168,000 NASF. Therefore all of these needs can be met in available space if the configuration and distribution of the space across campus can be favorably planned.